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21.1.2 Process Information

Some operating systems provide interfaces to fetch additional information about running processes beyond memory and per-thread register state. If GDB is configured for an operating system with a supported interface, the command info proc is available to report information about the process running your program, or about any process running on your system.

One supported interface is a facility called ‘/proc’ that can be used to examine the image of a running process using file-system subroutines. This facility is supported on GNU/Linux and Solaris systems.

On FreeBSD systems, system control nodes are used to query process information.

In addition, some systems may provide additional process information in core files. Note that a core file may include a subset of the information available from a live process. Process information is currently available from cores created on GNU/Linux and FreeBSD systems.

info proc
info proc process-id

Summarize available information about a process. If a process ID is specified by process-id, display information about that process; otherwise display information about the program being debugged. The summary includes the debugged process ID, the command line used to invoke it, its current working directory, and its executable file’s absolute file name.

On some systems, process-id can be of the form ‘[pid]/tid’ which specifies a certain thread ID within a process. If the optional pid part is missing, it means a thread from the process being debugged (the leading ‘/’ still needs to be present, or else GDB will interpret the number as a process ID rather than a thread ID).

info proc cmdline

Show the original command line of the process. This command is supported on GNU/Linux and FreeBSD.

info proc cwd

Show the current working directory of the process. This command is supported on GNU/Linux and FreeBSD.

info proc exe

Show the name of executable of the process. This command is supported on GNU/Linux and FreeBSD.

info proc files

Show the file descriptors open by the process. For each open file descriptor, GDB shows its number, type (file, directory, character device, socket), file pointer offset, and the name of the resource open on the descriptor. The resource name can be a file name (for files, directories, and devices) or a protocol followed by socket address (for network connections). This command is supported on FreeBSD.

This example shows the open file descriptors for a process using a tty for standard input and output as well as two network sockets:

(gdb) info proc files 22136
process 22136
Open files:

      FD   Type     Offset   Flags   Name
    text   file          - r-------- /usr/bin/ssh
    ctty    chr          - rw------- /dev/pts/20
     cwd    dir          - r-------- /usr/home/john
    root    dir          - r-------- /
       0    chr  0x32933a4 rw------- /dev/pts/20
       1    chr  0x32933a4 rw------- /dev/pts/20
       2    chr  0x32933a4 rw------- /dev/pts/20
       3 socket        0x0 rw----n-- tcp4 10.0.1.2:53014 -> 10.0.1.10:22
       4 socket        0x0 rw------- unix stream:/tmp/ssh-FIt89oAzOn5f/agent.2456
info proc mappings

Report the memory address space ranges accessible in a process. On Solaris and FreeBSD systems, each memory range includes information on whether the process has read, write, or execute access rights to each range. On GNU/Linux and FreeBSD systems, each memory range includes the object file which is mapped to that range.

info proc stat
info proc status

Show additional process-related information, including the user ID and group ID; virtual memory usage; the signals that are pending, blocked, and ignored; its TTY; its consumption of system and user time; its stack size; its ‘nice’ value; etc. These commands are supported on GNU/Linux and FreeBSD.

For GNU/Linux systems, see the ‘proc’ man page for more information (type man 5 proc from your shell prompt).

For FreeBSD systems, info proc stat is an alias for info proc status.

info proc all

Show all the information about the process described under all of the above info proc subcommands.

set procfs-trace

This command enables and disables tracing of procfs API calls.

show procfs-trace

Show the current state of procfs API call tracing.

set procfs-file file

Tell GDB to write procfs API trace to the named file. GDB appends the trace info to the previous contents of the file. The default is to display the trace on the standard output.

show procfs-file

Show the file to which procfs API trace is written.

proc-trace-entry
proc-trace-exit
proc-untrace-entry
proc-untrace-exit

These commands enable and disable tracing of entries into and exits from the syscall interface.

info pidlist

For QNX Neutrino only, this command displays the list of all the processes and all the threads within each process.

info meminfo

For QNX Neutrino only, this command displays the list of all mapinfos.


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