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23.4.3.11 Commands In Guile

You can implement new GDB CLI commands in Guile. A CLI command object is created with the make-command Guile function, and added to GDB with the register-command! Guile function. This two-step approach is taken to separate out the side-effect of adding the command to GDB from make-command.

There is no support for multi-line commands, that is commands that consist of multiple lines and are terminated with end.

Scheme Procedure: (make-command name [#:invoke invoke] [#:command-class command-class] [#:completer-class completer] [#:prefix? prefix] [#:doc doc-string])

The argument name is the name of the command. If name consists of multiple words, then the initial words are looked for as prefix commands. In this case, if one of the prefix commands does not exist, an exception is raised.

The result is the <gdb:command> object representing the command. The command is not usable until it has been registered with GDB with register-command!.

The rest of the arguments are optional.

The argument invoke is a procedure of three arguments: self, args and from-tty. The argument self is the <gdb:command> object representing the command. The argument args is a string representing the arguments passed to the command, after leading and trailing whitespace has been stripped. The argument from-tty is a boolean flag and specifies whether the command should consider itself to have been originated from the user invoking it interactively. If this function throws an exception, it is turned into a GDB error call. Otherwise, the return value is ignored.

The argument command-class is one of the ‘COMMAND_’ constants defined below. This argument tells GDB how to categorize the new command in the help system. The default is COMMAND_NONE.

The argument completer is either #f, one of the ‘COMPLETE_’ constants defined below, or a procedure, also defined below. This argument tells GDB how to perform completion for this command. If not provided or if the value is #f, then no completion is performed on the command.

The argument prefix is a boolean flag indicating whether the new command is a prefix command; sub-commands of this command may be registered.

The argument doc-string is help text for the new command. If no documentation string is provided, the default value “This command is not documented.” is used.

Scheme Procedure: register-command! command

Add command, a <gdb:command> object, to GDB’s list of commands. It is an error to register a command more than once. The result is unspecified.

Scheme Procedure: command? object

Return #t if object is a <gdb:command> object. Otherwise return #f.

Scheme Procedure: dont-repeat

By default, a GDB command is repeated when the user enters a blank line at the command prompt. A command can suppress this behavior by invoking the dont-repeat function. This is similar to the user command dont-repeat, see dont-repeat.

Scheme Procedure: string->argv string

Convert a string to a list of strings split up according to GDB’s argv parsing rules. It is recommended to use this for consistency. Arguments are separated by spaces and may be quoted. Example:

scheme@(guile-user)> (string->argv "1 2\\ \\\"3 '4 \"5' \"6 '7\"")
$1 = ("1" "2 \"3" "4 \"5" "6 '7")
Scheme Procedure: throw-user-error message . args

Throw a gdb:user-error exception. The argument message is the error message as a format string, like the fmt argument to the format Scheme function. See Formatted Output in GNU Guile Reference Manual. The argument args is a list of the optional arguments of message.

This is used when the command detects a user error of some kind, say a bad command argument.

(gdb) guile (use-modules (gdb))
(gdb) guile
(register-command! (make-command "test-user-error"
  #:command-class COMMAND_OBSCURE
  #:invoke (lambda (self arg from-tty)
    (throw-user-error "Bad argument ~a" arg))))
end
(gdb) test-user-error ugh
ERROR: Bad argument ugh
completer: self text word

If the completer option to make-command is a procedure, it takes three arguments: self which is the <gdb:command> object, and text and word which are both strings. The argument text holds the complete command line up to the cursor’s location. The argument word holds the last word of the command line; this is computed using a word-breaking heuristic.

All forms of completion are handled by this function, that is, the TAB and M-? key bindings (see Completion), and the complete command (see complete).

This procedure can return several kinds of values:

When a new command is registered, it will have been declared as a member of some general class of commands. This is used to classify top-level commands in the on-line help system; note that prefix commands are not listed under their own category but rather that of their top-level command. The available classifications are represented by constants defined in the gdb module:

COMMAND_NONE

The command does not belong to any particular class. A command in this category will not be displayed in any of the help categories. This is the default.

COMMAND_RUNNING

The command is related to running the inferior. For example, start, step, and continue are in this category. Type help running at the GDB prompt to see a list of commands in this category.

COMMAND_DATA

The command is related to data or variables. For example, call, find, and print are in this category. Type help data at the GDB prompt to see a list of commands in this category.

COMMAND_STACK

The command has to do with manipulation of the stack. For example, backtrace, frame, and return are in this category. Type help stack at the GDB prompt to see a list of commands in this category.

COMMAND_FILES

This class is used for file-related commands. For example, file, list and section are in this category. Type help files at the GDB prompt to see a list of commands in this category.

COMMAND_SUPPORT

This should be used for “support facilities”, generally meaning things that are useful to the user when interacting with GDB, but not related to the state of the inferior. For example, help, make, and shell are in this category. Type help support at the GDB prompt to see a list of commands in this category.

COMMAND_STATUS

The command is an ‘info’-related command, that is, related to the state of GDB itself. For example, info, macro, and show are in this category. Type help status at the GDB prompt to see a list of commands in this category.

COMMAND_BREAKPOINTS

The command has to do with breakpoints. For example, break, clear, and delete are in this category. Type help breakpoints at the GDB prompt to see a list of commands in this category.

COMMAND_TRACEPOINTS

The command has to do with tracepoints. For example, trace, actions, and tfind are in this category. Type help tracepoints at the GDB prompt to see a list of commands in this category.

COMMAND_USER

The command is a general purpose command for the user, and typically does not fit in one of the other categories. Type help user-defined at the GDB prompt to see a list of commands in this category, as well as the list of gdb macros (see Sequences).

COMMAND_OBSCURE

The command is only used in unusual circumstances, or is not of general interest to users. For example, checkpoint, fork, and stop are in this category. Type help obscure at the GDB prompt to see a list of commands in this category.

COMMAND_MAINTENANCE

The command is only useful to GDB maintainers. The maintenance and flushregs commands are in this category. Type help internals at the GDB prompt to see a list of commands in this category.

A new command can use a predefined completion function, either by specifying it via an argument at initialization, or by returning it from the completer procedure. These predefined completion constants are all defined in the gdb module:

COMPLETE_NONE

This constant means that no completion should be done.

COMPLETE_FILENAME

This constant means that filename completion should be performed.

COMPLETE_LOCATION

This constant means that location completion should be done. See Specify Location.

COMPLETE_COMMAND

This constant means that completion should examine GDB command names.

COMPLETE_SYMBOL

This constant means that completion should be done using symbol names as the source.

COMPLETE_EXPRESSION

This constant means that completion should be done on expressions. Often this means completing on symbol names, but some language parsers also have support for completing on field names.

The following code snippet shows how a trivial CLI command can be implemented in Guile:

(gdb) guile
(register-command! (make-command "hello-world"
  #:command-class COMMAND_USER
  #:doc "Greet the whole world."
  #:invoke (lambda (self args from-tty) (display "Hello, World!\n"))))
end
(gdb) hello-world
Hello, World!

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