Next: , Previous: Long, Up: Pseudo Ops


7.66 .macro

The commands .macro and .endm allow you to define macros that generate assembly output. For example, this definition specifies a macro sum that puts a sequence of numbers into memory:

             .macro  sum from=0, to=5
             .long   \from
             .if     \to-\from
             sum     "(\from+1)",\to
             .endif
             .endm

With that definition, `SUM 0,5' is equivalent to this assembly input:

             .long   0
             .long   1
             .long   2
             .long   3
             .long   4
             .long   5
.macro macname
.macro macname macargs ...
Begin the definition of a macro called macname. If your macro definition requires arguments, specify their names after the macro name, separated by commas or spaces. You can qualify the macro argument to indicate whether all invocations must specify a non-blank value (through `:req'), or whether it takes all of the remaining arguments (through `:vararg'). You can supply a default value for any macro argument by following the name with `=deflt'. You cannot define two macros with the same macname unless it has been subject to the .purgem directive (See Purgem.) between the two definitions. For example, these are all valid .macro statements:
.macro comm
Begin the definition of a macro called comm, which takes no arguments.
.macro plus1 p, p1
.macro plus1 p p1
Either statement begins the definition of a macro called plus1, which takes two arguments; within the macro definition, write `\p' or `\p1' to evaluate the arguments.
.macro reserve_str p1=0 p2
Begin the definition of a macro called reserve_str, with two arguments. The first argument has a default value, but not the second. After the definition is complete, you can call the macro either as `reserve_str a,b' (with `\p1' evaluating to a and `\p2' evaluating to b), or as `reserve_str ,b' (with `\p1' evaluating as the default, in this case `0', and `\p2' evaluating to b).

.macro m p1:req, p2=0, p3:vararg
Begin the definition of a macro called m, with at least three arguments. The first argument must always have a value specified, but not the second, which instead has a default value. The third formal will get assigned all remaining arguments specified at invocation time.

When you call a macro, you can specify the argument values either by position, or by keyword. For example, `sum 9,17' is equivalent to `sum to=17, from=9'.

Note that since each of the macargs can be an identifier exactly as any other one permitted by the target architecture, there may be occasional problems if the target hand-crafts special meanings to certain characters when they occur in a special position. For example, if colon (:) is generally permitted to be part of a symbol name, but the architecture specific code special-cases it when occuring as the final character of a symbol (to denote a label), then the macro parameter replacement code will have no way of knowing that and consider the whole construct (including the colon) an identifier, and check only this identifier for being the subject to parameter substitution. In this example, besides the potential of just separating identifier and colon by white space, using alternate macro syntax (See Altmacro.) and ampersand (&) as the character to separate literal text from macro parameters (or macro parameters from one another) would provide a way to achieve the same effect:

          	.altmacro
          	.macro label l
          l&:
          	.endm
     

This applies identically to the identifiers used in .irp (See Irp.) and .irpc (See Irpc.).

.endm
Mark the end of a macro definition.
.exitm
Exit early from the current macro definition.


\@
as maintains a counter of how many macros it has executed in this pseudo-variable; you can copy that number to your output with `\@', but only within a macro definition.
LOCAL name [ , ... ]
Warning: LOCAL is only available if you select “alternate macro syntax” with `--alternate' or .altmacro. See .altmacro.